The Reggio Emilia approach is an educational philosophy focused on pre-primary and primary education. It was developed in the villages around Reggio Emilia in Italy. It is an innovative and inspiring approach to early childhood education which values the child as strong, capable and resilient; rich with wonder and knowledge. Every child brings with them deep curiosity and potential and this innate curiosity drives their interest to understand their world and their place within it.
The keyword of this method is foster education, from the tender age, promoting the best possible integration among children’s languages which, as Loris Malaguzzi said, are a hundred or more. In this approach, there is a belief that children have rights and should be given opportunities to develop their potential. Children are believed “knowledge bearers”, so they are encouraged to share their thoughts and ideas about everything they could meet or do during the day.
The Reggio Emilia philosophy is based upon the following set of principles:
1. Children must have some control over the direction of their learning.
2. Children must be able to learn through experiences of touching, moving, listening, and observing.
3. Children have a relationship with other children and with material items in the world that children must be allowed to explore.
4. Children must have endless ways and opportunities to express themselves.